What mortgage loan types are there for people who want to realize the American dream of home ownership? There are several to choose from, and there are advantages to each. The major mortgage loan types are conventional, FHA, and VA. Conventional mortgage loans are the most simple to understand and the most basic. When you get conventional mortgage financing for your home, you simply borrow a certain percentage of the price of the home (the sale price and fees minus any down payment) and agree to pay it back via monthly payments for a certain number of years.

FHA and VA loans are loans that are backed by the Federal Housing Authority and the Veterans Administration, respectively. These two groups both have the goal of helping more Americans realize the dream of home ownership. They work in cooperation with certain lenders and provide those lenders with mortgage insurance in case you have to default on your loan. Generally, these types of loans have a lower down payment, may have lower interest rates, and may be easier to qualify for. Also, with FHA and A mortgage loan types, the FHA and VA themselves set a lot of the parameters of the loan, such as how much of a down payment is needed, how much interest can be charged, inspections of the property in question, and so on. That is why not all lenders prefer to deal with FHA or VA mortgage loan types. The lenders have more control with conventional mortgage loan types.

Another major difference in types of mortgages is whether the loan is a fixed-rate or variable-rate loan. A fixed-rate loan has one interest rate that is set and remains unchanged throughout the life of the loan. Some people prefer to have a fixed-rate loan, especially during times of a “buyer’s market” such as we have now. Rates as well as housing prices tend to be lower right now, so it makes sense to get the lower rate and keep it forever, as interest rates are more likely to climb in the future, rather than decrease in the future. Also, knowing how much your payment is going to be helps you budget your finances more easily.

However, it can sometimes be more difficult to qualify for a fixed-rate loan, so some folks go with the adjustable mortgage loan type. Adjustable mortgages begin with one interest rate, but it is not necessarily going to remain the same throughout the life of the loan. Periodically, the interest rate can be adjusted to suit market conditions. Depending on what is happening in the economy and on what the prime interest rate is, if you have an adjustable mortgage loan type, your interest rate (and payment) can go up or down.

There are also ways of financing that are known as unconventional mortgage loan types. There are a variety of such types of loans, and they are relative newcomers to the home lending industry. You can find interest-only mortgage loans, balloon mortgages, and even reverse mortgage loan types. When you are searching for financing to make your dream a reality, be sure to look into all mortgage loan types to see which is the best fit for you and your family’s circumstances.